When it comes to diabetes, they are of two types and both are chronic in nature. They tend to affect the way in which the body regulates glucose or blood sugar. Glucose is an essential part of the body. It feeds the cells that are present in the body. However, it enters and reaches those cells due to insulin.
People who have type 1 diabetes are not capable of producing insulin. Type 1 diabetes develops quite quickly. On the other hand, people who suffer from type 2 diabetes are not capable of responding to insulin as soon as their body should. Later, when the disease worsens, it will not be able to make the required amount of insulin. This could be regarded as a broken key. In the case of type 2 diabetes, it develops with time. In fact, many times, one is not aware of it as it goes unnoticed for several years.
Eventually, both of these kinds of diabetes will lead towards an increase in blood sugar level. This is why the risk related to diabetes-related complications tends to increase in the body.
Both of these kinds of diabetes, if not checked and controlled in time, will show the following kinds of symptoms:
- Feeling thirsty most of the time; hence once will feel the urge to drink a lot of water
- Frequent urination
- Feeling hungry most of the time
- Vision becoming blurred or dim
- Feeling lazy and fatigued most of the time
- Sores and injuries not healing quickly or properly
The term prediabetes denotes that the blood sugar level is much higher than the normal stage, but it has not reached the level of type 2 diabetes. If an individual who has been diagnosed with prediabetes does not make necessary lifestyle changes, he or she may be more liable to fall into type 2 diabetes. This eventually leads one into the long-term damage of diabetes. It may end up damaging your kidney, blood vessels, or even the heart. If not diagnosed in time, it has probably already started to cause damage to your system. But the good news is if you start eating healthy, exercising regularly, and maintaining a healthy weight, then there is a chance that the blood sugar level will come down to its normal level. Prediabetes affects both children and adults. But with changes in lifestyle, one will be effective in bringing back the sugar levels of the blood to their normal stage.
Prediabetes in most cases does not have any significant signs. One sign could be that you have darker skin tone in certain areas of your body. The areas that are affected could be the armpit, elbow, knuckle, knee, and neck.
We have mentioned below some of the classic signs that might strongly suggest that one has moved from the stage of prediabetes to type 2 diabetes:
- Feeling tired and exhausted
- Urinating quite frequently
- Vision becoming dim and blurred
- Feeling quite thirsty, most of the time